0305-18 NY Times Crossword Answers 5 Mar 2018, Monday

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Constructed by: Lynn Lempel
Edited by: Will Shortz

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Today’s Theme (according to Bill): The End of Clothing

Themed answers are common terms that end with an item of clothing:

  • 17A. Country bumpkin’s counterpart : CITY SLICKER
  • 27A. Woman having literary interests : BLUESTOCKING
  • 43A. Pompous person : STUFFED SHIRT
  • 57A. Know-it-all : SMARTY-PANTS

Bill’s time: 5m 03s

Bill’s errors: 0

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Today’s Wiki-est Amazonian Googlies

Across

1. Snake charmer’s snake : COBRA

Snake charmers don’t actually hypnotize their cobras, but they do train them. The snake is trained to “follow” the movement of end of the pungi, the instrument that the charmer uses in the act. The snake presents no danger to the charmer or the audience, as it is typically defanged or has it’s mouth partially stitched up so that only the tongue can be moved in and out. Not a very nice practice …

11. Coquettishly playful : COY

A “coquet” is a male flirt, with “coquette” being a female flirt. The word comes from French, and is the diminutive of “coq”, the word for a cock.

14. First zodiac sign : ARIES

Aries the Ram is the first astrological sign in the Zodiac, and is named after the constellation. Your birth sign is Aries if you were born between March 21 and April 20, but if you are an Aries you would know that! “Aries” is the Latin word for “ram”.

16. Network of medical providers, in brief : HMO

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)

17. Country bumpkin’s counterpart : CITY SLICKER

A city slicker is a person accustomed to an urban lifestyle, and who is particularly unsuited for life in a rural setting. When the term was coined, it was used somewhat derisively by rural Americans. However, that implication seems to have softened somewhat over the years.

“Bumpkin” is really a not-so-nice term for someone from a rural area. The term has an even less nice derivation. It comes from from the Middle Dutch “bommekijn” meaning “little barrel”. “Bumpkin” was used as a derogatory term for Dutch people, who were regarded as short and plump.

A slicker is a waterproof jacket or coat that is typically worn to protect the body from rain. Back in the mid-19th century, a slicker was a tool used for smoothing (slicking) leather. The term was adopted in the 1880s for a raincoat made from such leather. By 1900, a slicker was also a clever and crafty (slick) person.

22. Prius maker : TOYOTA

The Toyota Prius is still the most fuel-efficient, gasoline-powered car sold in the US, according to the EPA. The name “Prius” is a Latin word meaning “ahead, leading”. In the US we pronounce the name “pree-us”, but across the Atlantic it’s pronounced “pry-us”. According to Toyota, the plural of “Prius” is “Prii”.

26. From Shanghai or Mumbai, say : ASIAN

Shanghai is a major city on the east coast of China that is home to the busiest container port in the world. The name “Shanghai” translates as “Upon-the-Sea”.

Mumbai is the most populous city in India, and the second most populous city in the world (after Shanghai). The name of the city was changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995.

27. Woman having literary interests : BLUESTOCKING

A woman exhibiting exceptional interest in literature might described as a bluestocking. The term is a throwback to the Blue Stockings Society, an informal women’s social and educational movement in England in the mid-1700s. The society operated initially as an informal literary discussion group. The name “Blue Stockings” was used to emphasise the informality of the group’s gatherings. Black silk stockings were associated with formal dress, whereas everyday blue worsted stockings pointed to a relaxed atmosphere.

31. Hosts for roasts : EMCEES

The term “emcee” comes from “MC”, an initialism standing for Master or Mistress of Ceremonies.

35. Corporate head, for short : CEO

Chief executive officer (CEO)

37. Smucker’s product : JAM

The J. M. Smucker Company is a manufacturer of various food items, particularly fruit spreads. The company was started in 1897 by Jerome Monroe Smucker. Smucker’s first product was apple butter, which he sold from the back of a horse-drawn wagon.

Jelly is made using strained juice from crushed fruit. Jam is similar, but the whole crushed fruit is used, and often includes seeds.

43. Pompous person : STUFFED SHIRT

Back in the 15th century, the adjective “stuffed” usually described classy garments padded with stuffing. This usage led to the term “stuffed shirt” being coined for a pompous individual.

47. Usually spicy Indian dish : CURRY

Curry powder is a mixture of spices used in South Asian cuisine. The actual composition of curry powder varies depending on the cuisine. The term “curry” is an anglicization of the Tamil “kari” meaning “sauce”.

48. Disheveled : UNKEMPT

The word “unkempt” means “disheveled, not well-combed”. It derives from the Old English word “cemban” meaning “to comb”. The opposite to the more common “unkempt” is … “kempt”.

52. Lou on six winning World Series teams : GEHRIG

Baseball legend Lou Gehrig was known as a powerhouse. He was a big hitter and just kept on playing. Gehrig broke the record for the most consecutive number of games played, and he stills holds the record for the most career grand slams. His durability earned him the nickname “The Iron Horse”. Sadly, he died in 1941 at 37-years-old suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), an illness we now call “Lou Gehrig’s Disease”. The New Yankees retired the number four on 4th of July 1939 in his honor, making Lou Gehrig the first baseball player to have a number retired.

54. Soup can painter Warhol : ANDY

Andy Warhol went through a period of painting iconic American products, including Coca-Cola bottles and Campbell’s tomato soup cans. In 1964 he participated in a gallery show called “The American Supermarket”. Along with other pop artists he contributed works including a painting of a can of Campbell’s tomato soup. He priced the painting at $1,500, and sold autographed cans of soup for $6 a piece.

55. Motorists’ org. : AAA

The American Automobile Association (AAA) is a not-for-profit organization focused on lobbying, provision of automobile servicing, and selling of automobile insurance. The AAA was founded in 1902 in Chicago and published the first of its celebrated hotel guides back in 1917.

60. Smith & Wesson product : GUN

Smith & Wesson is the largest manufacturer of handguns in the US. The company was founded in 1852 by Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson.

61. Swimming phenom Ledecky : KATIE

Katie Ledecky is a swimmer who won her first Olympic gold medal at just 15 years of age, in the 800-meter freestyle. In 2016, Ledecky also became the youngest person to make “Time” magazine’s “Time 100” annual list of most influential people in the American world. Katie’s uncle is Jon Ledecky, owner of the New York Islanders hockey team.

62. Fjord, e.g. : INLET

A drowned valley might be called a ria or a fjord, with both formed as sea level rises. A ria is a drowned valley created by river erosion, and a fjord is a drowned valley created by glaciation.

64. Slammin’ Sammy of golf : SNEAD

Sam Snead was probably the most successful golfer never to win a US Open title, as he won a record 82 PGA Tour events. Snead did win seven majors, but never the US Open. He was also quite the showman. He once hit the scoreboard at Wrigley Field stadium with a golf ball, by teeing off from home plate. Snead’s best-remembered nickname is “Slammin’ Sammy”.

65. King on “CBS This Morning” : GAYLE

Gayle King is a co-anchor on the news magazine show “CBS This Morning”. King met Oprah Winfrey in 1976, with the pair now describing each other as best friends.

Down

1. Hidden stash : CACHE

A cache is a secret supply. We imported the term into English from French Canadian trappers in the 17th century. Back then, “cache” was a slang term for a “hiding place for stores”, derived from the French verb “cacher” meaning “to hide”.

2. Hunter in the night sky : ORION

The very recognizable constellation of Orion is named for the Greek god Orion, the Hunter. If you take a look at the star in Orion’s “right shoulder”, the second brightest star in the constellation, you might notice that it is quite red in color. This is the famous star called Betelgeuse, a red supergiant, a huge star that is on its way out. Betelgeuse is expected to explode into a supernova within the next thousand years or so. You don’t want to miss that …

4. Heroine of “Star Wars: The Last Jedi” : REY

Rey is a central character in the “Star Wars” universe. She first appeared in 2015’s “Star Wars: The Force Awakens”. Rey is played by British actress Daisy Ridley.

7. Fierce fliers of myth : ROCS

The mythical roc is a huge bird of prey, reputedly able to carry off and eat elephants. The roc was said to come from the Indian subcontinent. The supposed existence of the roc was promulgated by Marco Polo in the accounts that he published of his travels through Asia.

8. Diving bird of the Arctic : AUK

Auks are penguin-like sea birds that live in colder northern waters including the Arctic. Like penguins, auks are great swimmers, but unlike penguins, auks can fly.

9. High, wide-brimmed hat : STETSON

“Stetson” is a brand name of hat, manufactured by the John B. Stetson Company of St. Joseph, Missouri. The so called “cowboy hat” that Stetson pioneered was such a success that the company became the largest hat maker in the world, producing over 3.3 million hats per year.

13. Hindu-inspired exercise : YOGA

In the West we tend to think of yoga as a physical discipline, a means of exercise that uses specific poses to stretch and strengthen muscles. While it is true that the ancient Indian practice of yoga does involve such physical discipline, the corporeal aspect of the practice plays a relatively small part in the whole philosophy. Other major components are meditation, ethical behavior, breathing and contemplation.

18. “Peanuts” boy with a security blanket : LINUS

In Charles Schulz’s fabulous comic strip “Peanuts”, Charlie Brown is friends with at least three members of the van Pelt family. Most famously there is Lucy van Pelt, who bosses everyone around, particularly Charlie. Then there is Linus, Lucy’s younger brother, the character who always has his security blanket at hand. Lastly there is an even younger brother, Rerun van Pelt. Rerun is constantly hiding under his bed, trying to avoid going to school.

23. Shaggy Tibetan beast : YAK

The English word “yak” is an Anglicized version of the Tibetan name for the male of the species. Yak milk is much prized in the Tibetan culture. It is made into cheese and butter, and the butter is used to make a tea that is consumed in great volume by Tibetans. The butter is also used as a fuel in lamps, and during festivals the butter is even sculpted into religious icons.

25. Cab company competitor : UBER

Uber is a ridesharing service that was founded in 2009 and is based in San Francisco. The service is somewhat controversial and has been described as an illegal taxicab operation. Central to Uber’s service is the company’s mobile app, which can use the client’s GPS location to help find the nearest available ride. Uber’s main competitor is Lyft.

30. Mount Olympus residents : GODS

Mount Olympus is the highest peak in Greece. In Greek mythology, Mount Olympus was home to the gods, and in particular home to the principal gods known as the Twelve Olympians.

32. No longer relevant : MOOT

“To moot” is to bring up as a subject for discussion or debate. So, something that is moot is open to debate. Something that is no longer moot, is no longer worth debating. We don’t seem to be able get that right, which drives me crazy …

33. Monkeys named for monks : CAPUCHINS

The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin is an order of Roman Catholic friars, an offshoot of the Franciscans. The order split from the Franciscans back in 1520, and were forced to go into hiding from church authorities. The new order was helped by the Camaldolese monks, and in recognition of their assistance, the breakaway monks adopted the Camaldolese hood, known as a capuccio. It is this “capuccio” that gave the order its name, and indeed ultimately gave the name to the Capuchin monkey. The cappuccino coffee is named for the coffee-and-white colored habits worn by Capuchin friars.

37. Children’s writer Blume : JUDY

Judy Blume writes novels for children and young adults. Blume’s novels for teens were groundbreaking when first published, tackling such difficult subjects as racism, divorce and bullying.

38. Looney Tunes character who says “Th-th-th-that’s all, folks!” : PORKY PIG

Porky Pig was the first of the characters created by Warner Bros. to become a hit with audiences. Porky Pig is the guy with the line at the end of each cartoon, “Th-th-th-that’s all folks!” If you don’t mind a little adult language, there’s a very funny 11-second Porky Pig clip that the studio released on a blooper reel in 1938. Porky Pig stutters out “Son of g-g-gun”, only he doesn’t say “gun” …

41. Ingmar who directed “The Seventh Seal” : BERGMAN

Ingmar Bergman was a director of movies, stage and television from Sweden. Late in his life, Bergman ceased working for several years and left Sweden when he was wrongly charged with tax evasion, an event that caused him to have a nervous breakdown. Despite pleas from even the Swedish Prime Minister to return to his homeland, Bergman stayed in Germany for eight years before finally picking up his life again in Sweden.

42. Lucky ___ (nickname for the Spirit of St. Louis pilot) : LINDY

The renowned aviator Charles Lindbergh was dubbed “Lucky Lindy” by the press, which was perhaps a reference to his narrow escape in four airplane crashes, including two incidents when he had to deploy his parachute.

44. Taboo for PETA : FUR

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is a very large animal rights organization, with 300 employees and two million members and supporters worldwide. Although the group campaigns for animal rights across a broad spectrum of issues, it has a stated focus in opposition of four practices:

  • Factory farming
  • Fur farming
  • Animal testing
  • Use of animals in entertainment

45. Pats down, as a suspect : FRISKS

Back in the 1500s, the verb “to frisk” meant “to dance, frolic”, a sense that carries through to our contemporary adjective “frisky”. “Frisk” somehow took on the meaning “pat down in a search” in the late 1700s.

49. Virile : MANLY

“Vir” is the Latin word for “man” and is the root of our word “virile”, for example, meaning “manly”.

50. Dev who starred in 2016’s “Lion” : PATEL

Dev Patel is an actor from Harrow in England. Patel is best known for playing the lead in the hit movie “Slumdog Millionaire”. He also stars in a lovely 2012 film called “The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel” alongside an incredible cast that included Judi Dench, Bill Nighy, Maggie Smith and Tom Wilkinson. Patel also had a regular role in the marvelous HBO drama series called “The Newsroom”.

“Lion” is a 2016 film based on the autobiographical book “A Long Way Home” by Saroo Brierley. Brierley is an Indian-born Australian who was accidentally separated from his mother when he was 5 years old, ending up stranded on a train that took the young boy nearly 1,500 km from his home. The excellent film adaption stars Dev Patel as the older Brierley, who searches for his birth-family. Excellent movie …

53. Birds on Australian coins : EMUS

The official symbol of Australia is a coat of arms that features a kangaroo and an emu.

59. Santa ___ winds : ANA

The Santa Ana winds are the very dry air currents that sweep offshore late in the year in Southern California. Because these air currents are so dry, they are noted for their influence over forest fires in the area, especially in the heat of the fall. The winds arise from a buildup of air pressure in the Great Basin that lies between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada. Under the right conditions, that air spills over the peaks of the Sierra Nevada and basically “falls” down the side of the Sierra range, heading for the ocean. As the air falls it becomes drier and heats up so that relative humidity can fall to below 10% by the time it hits the coast.

Complete List of Clues/Answers

Across

1. Snake charmer’s snake : COBRA
6. Pushy : BRASH
11. Coquettishly playful : COY
14. First zodiac sign : ARIES
15. Highway : ROUTE
16. Network of medical providers, in brief : HMO
17. Country bumpkin’s counterpart : CITY SLICKER
19. Oil-drilling apparatus : RIG
20. Weed-whacking tool : HOE
21. Assists : AIDS
22. Prius maker : TOYOTA
24. Following : ENSUING
26. From Shanghai or Mumbai, say : ASIAN
27. Woman having literary interests : BLUESTOCKING
31. Hosts for roasts : EMCEES
34. Carried the day : WON
35. Corporate head, for short : CEO
36. Group choosing a 35-Across : BOARD
37. Smucker’s product : JAM
38. Grew ashen : PALED
40. Hit on the head : BOP
41. Ad exhortation : BUY
42. Solitary sorts : LONERS
43. Pompous person : STUFFED SHIRT
47. Usually spicy Indian dish : CURRY
48. Disheveled : UNKEMPT
52. Lou on six winning World Series teams : GEHRIG
54. Soup can painter Warhol : ANDY
55. Motorists’ org. : AAA
56. “How ___ doing?” : AM I
57. Know-it-all : SMARTY-PANTS
60. Smith & Wesson product : GUN
61. Swimming phenom Ledecky : KATIE
62. Fjord, e.g. : INLET
63. He hee-haws : ASS
64. Slammin’ Sammy of golf : SNEAD
65. King on “CBS This Morning” : GAYLE

Down

1. Hidden stash : CACHE
2. Hunter in the night sky : ORION
3. What fishermen want from fish but not from mosquitoes : BITES
4. Heroine of “Star Wars: The Last Jedi” : REY
5. Attacked vigorously : ASSAILED
6. What you might come across at a river? : BRIDGE
7. Fierce fliers of myth : ROCS
8. Diving bird of the Arctic : AUK
9. High, wide-brimmed hat : STETSON
10. Brave : HEROIC
11. Historical account : CHRONICLE
12. Skip : OMIT
13. Hindu-inspired exercise : YOGA
18. “Peanuts” boy with a security blanket : LINUS
23. Shaggy Tibetan beast : YAK
25. Cab company competitor : UBER
26. Elemental bit : ATOM
28. Persuades : SWAYS
29. ___-do-well : NE’ER
30. Mount Olympus residents : GODS
31. Subsides : EBBS
32. No longer relevant : MOOT
33. Monkeys named for monks : CAPUCHINS
37. Children’s writer Blume : JUDY
38. Looney Tunes character who says “Th-th-th-that’s all, folks!” : PORKY PIG
39. Card game stake : ANTE
41. Ingmar who directed “The Seventh Seal” : BERGMAN
42. Lucky ___ (nickname for the Spirit of St. Louis pilot) : LINDY
44. Taboo for PETA : FUR
45. Pats down, as a suspect : FRISKS
46. Pursued, as prey : HUNTED
49. Virile : MANLY
50. Dev who starred in 2016’s “Lion” : PATEL
51. One of the five senses : TASTE
52. Infatuated : GAGA
53. Birds on Australian coins : EMUS
54. Operatic solo : ARIA
58. Cleaned one’s plate : ATE
59. Santa ___ winds : ANA